The symptoms of worms in humans can be quite varied, but such manifestations cannot be ignored, as the worms that live in the body can cause other, more serious illnesses.
In the article you will find the main signs of worms in humans, find out the reasons for the parasite infection, and also which treatment for the body is considered most effective.
Why do parasites appear in the body?
Although cases of worm infection are much more common in preschool and primary school-age children, this problem sometimes occurs in adults as well. There are different ways that parasites enter the body.
Helminth infection often occurs due to non-compliance with hygiene rules - of course, they are much more neglected by children than by adults, but in unfavorable conditions this can cause infection in adults.
Cases of helminth infection on holidays abroad are frequent - the parasites can enter the body through food, poorly processed dishes, in contact with an infected person or animal.
Although an adult's body is more resistant to parasite attacks, during periods of weakened immunity, for example during an illness, it can be very easy to become infected with them.
Another common way to infect the body with worms is through food. Helminths can enter the human body through poorly processed fish or meat (raw or raw), dirty fruits and vegetables.
Although there are frequent cases of worm infection after eating common river fish, you need to be extra careful on holiday in another country - exotic dishes can be dangerous, especially if you don't know exactly how they are prepared.
Contact with humans carrying parasites is another common cause of infection. According to various estimates, around 60% of people have encountered worms at least once in their lifetime. In children, this indicator is even higher.
If we take into account that parasites may not manifest for a long time, we can assume that even more people may be carriers of this problem.
If you have to constantly interact with a person infected with worms, the probability of worm infection increases many times. They spread especially quickly into crowded collectives with large numbers of people.
While simple measures like washing your hands after using the bathroom and eating only tested and processed foods can reduce the risk of infection, there is still no 100% protection against it, so you should pay attention to any, even the smallest, problems with the body.
The main signs of helminth infection
The difficulty in identifying an infection of the body by helminths is that the signs of the appearance of the worms are similar to the manifestations of other problems in the body.
As the parasites are located mainly in the stomach and intestines, where they multiply and leave their residues, the first violations, as a rule, occur in these organs.
At first, the person may notice excess gas and bloating, not caused by food or illness.
This is due to the fact that parasites often settle in the small intestine, due to which its walls become inflamed, food is digested and absorbed poorly, which leads to swelling.
Constipation and diarrhea are equally rare conditions. They are also caused by irritation in the intestines. Constipation occurs when the biliary and intestinal tract is blocked by worms.
Diarrhea is a more common symptom because it is caused by toxins and waste produced by the worms.
Worms can live not only in the stomach or intestines, but also in other parts of the body. They are often located in the muscles and joint fluid - in which case, the person will have painful sensations in this area.
Unfortunately, many people confuse the body's response to worms with arthritis, so they don't see a doctor.
As the parasites spread through the body, other characteristic symptoms appear, for example anemia, caused by the worms feeding on the body's nutrients. Also, people infected with worms often lack iron in the body.
Since the vital activity of parasites affects not only the state of the body but also the human nervous system, then, in those infected with helminths, a state of restlessness, depression or nervousness is often observed.
With severe intoxication of the body, sleep disturbances are possible - as a rule, awakening occurs around 2-3 am - at this time the liver is trying to get rid of the toxins secreted by the parasites, working in an especially active way.
Chronic lack of nutrients in the body often leads to chronic fatigue - to apathy or depression.
Other characteristic symptoms of the presence of parasites are itchiness in the anus, change in the smell of feces (becomes putrid, very unpleasant), headaches, skin rashes, allergies, in women, cycle disorders are possible, as well as any abnormalities in the work of the intestines and stomach.
While these symptoms can indicate other illnesses, each of them can be a sign of worm infection.
If deterioration starts suddenly, you should see a doctor so that he or she can prescribe appropriate treatment.
Types of parasites
Each of the types of worms that can settle in the human body has its own characteristics.
Some of them can be difficult to identify immediately, as many of them have a special life cycle, for example, they lay eggs irregularly.
In total, doctors have about 100 different types of helminths that can settle in the intestines and other parts of the body.
The most common are tapeworms, worms, tapeworms, hookworms, whipworms, filariasis, cysticercosis and paragonimiasis.
Pinworms are most often found in adults and children. This is due not only to the prevalence of this type of parasite, but also to the fact that they are the easiest to detect - moths lay eggs outside the body, not inside, which can be easily identified with a simple scraping.
Among the most characteristic symptoms - itchiness in the anus at night - it is at this time that pinworms appear and lay eggs.
Duct tape worms and other types of worms can only be found on the body through stool or blood tests.
Its location also depends on the types of parasites. For example, tapeworms settle in the intestines, roundworms settle in a person's intestines and lungs, which causes the development of respiratory illnesses.
With severe intoxication, the person's temperature rises, a cough with phlegm appears, sometimes you can see blood impurities.
Ascaris larvae can be detected by sputum analysis. Most parasites settle in the intestine, which, if not lead to serious illness, causes dysbiosis and inflammation of the organ.
One of the most dangerous species of parasites for humans is Trichinella. Due to their presence, the functioning not only of the intestines where they live, but also of other internal organs is interrupted.
Severe body poisoning disturbs the liver, which can cause jaundice, often worms, which multiply in large numbers, block the bile ducts, which stops the flow of bile.
In severe cases, trichinella causes damage to the central nervous system.
Some types of worms can be detected with a chest x-ray. Its vital activity leads to the appearance of volatile infiltrates in the lungs.
In addition, the patient has an increase in temperature and, in the blood test, the number of eosinophils is usually increased. Volatile infiltrates are more common in children, but they can also be found in adults.
How to detect worms in the body?
Any suspicion of worms is reason to see a doctor. The first suspicions of the presence of worms in adults, as a rule, do not appear immediately, but after some time after infection.
This can happen in a context of illness or reduced immunity, therefore, go unnoticed.
This leads to the fact that, in adults, helminths are already found at a late stage, when the degree of intoxication in the body is high.
If you find signs of infection in yourself, do not treat yourself. The most effective way to determine the presence of helminths in the body is to do an analysis.
It will also help you find out which parasites have settled in your body so your doctor can prescribe the most appropriate treatment.
For adults, a general blood test is most often prescribed as it can be used to establish the presence of any type of parasite in the body.
An indication for an analysis can be any disease that does not have a specific cause.
For example, doctors often prescribe this study for insomnia, low hemoglobin, nervous disorders, itchy anus, anemia, sudden weight loss, etc.
For adults, this analysis is prescribed as per the indications, however some categories of people undergo this study on a regular basis, eg catering workers, doctors, veterinarians, etc.
There is also a more accurate blood test that will help establish the fact of the infection and provide information about which worms are in the body.
This study is called an enzyme immunoassay. The analysis examines immunoglobulins - bodies produced by the body to fight microbes, bacteria and parasites.
In the absence of worms in the body, the picture will be the same, but even with a minimal amount of worms in the body, it changes.
Despite the accuracy, errors occur in this analysis, as some types of parasites have adapted very well to life in the body and their presence is not easy to establish.
When in doubt, the doctor can prescribe a second test to clarify which parasites have settled in the body. For the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, blood is drawn from a vein.
According to the results of the study, it will be possible to establish the fact of the infection, as well as the degree of dissemination of the parasites in the body.
Treatment for worms is necessary. Although it doesn't upset the "owner" for a long time, many doctors believe that helminth infection can lead to the development of much more serious illnesses, including cancer.
In addition, worms inevitably disrupt the body's work, cause chronic inflammation in the intestines and other organs, and reduce immunity.
Treatment for worms is primarily aimed at destroying parasites, so the drugs used for this are quite toxic.
It is impossible to take them before an accurate diagnosis has been established and without a doctor's recommendation.
Due to its toxic effects, the treatment of the parasite tends to cause unpleasant side effects on the body: abdominal pain, vomiting, headaches, increased fatigue and fever.
Some types of medications can only be taken under a doctor's supervision in a hospital setting - they are prescribed for serious infections of the body as well as for the treatment of complex types of parasites.
The treatment of parasites is not just the use of drugs that destroy them, but also a whole range of measures.
As a rule, along with antiparasitic drugs, the doctor also prescribes medication to the patient to restore the liver, which is suffering from the effects of the toxins from the parasite and the medication.
To restore the body's normal state, vitamins, immunostimulants and enzymes may also be prescribed.
Self-treatment for parasites is prohibited. Today you can find many products for sale that promise to save a person from the helminths.
Almost all of them have a natural base and are not harmful to the body, however, most of them are useless in the treatment of parasites.
Furthermore, they do not provide a complex effect - for example, before destroying the parasites in the body, it is necessary to prepare the liver for this, which will suffer severe intoxication.
Regular fees cannot solve this problem. After the destruction of the parasites, you need to remove them as well as their wastes from the body, otherwise this will lead to serious poisoning - worms and other herb worms will not be able to do this.
Furthermore, all of these funds act the same regardless of the types of worms found in the body - this also significantly reduces their effectiveness.
Traditional methods, while they cannot replace a complete treatment, can be a good addition to combating helminths and help to restore the body more quickly.
Onion and garlic are considered useful products against parasites in the body - they make the environment in the body less favorable for parasites' vital activity, so their constant use in food will help reduce the risk of infection.
Chamomile and fennel help to cleanse the body and reduce internal inflammation. Both products can be purchased at any pharmacy.
These funds are believed to speed up the removal of parasites and their waste products from the body.
Lavender, tea tree or bergamot oils can also help with this - they can be added to food to speed up the body's recovery.
Don't just rely on folk remedies. The treatment of parasites must be carried out by a professional physician, in some cases in a hospital setting.
Self-treatment, especially with the use of medication, can only worsen the condition and cause even greater damage to Organs internal organs.